How do we use our articulators to control air?
Let's begin with the voice box (click the Vocal Tract button from your Learning Tools). Sometimes when we pronounce letter sounds we leave our voice box open and relaxed and smoothly push air out through our vocal tract. This is called Voiceless.
Sometimes we keep air in our voice box and let it vibrate. This is called Voiced.
All of the vowel sounds are voiced. Some of the consonant sounds are voiced and some of the consonant sounds are voiceless.
Tongue Position and Tongue Tension
Tongue Position and Tongue Tension are also used to control the vowel sounds. You move your tongue up and down, forward and back to pronounce the different vowels. You can also add tension to your tongue or keep your tongue relaxed to control the different vowel sounds. When we add tension to our tongue we also add tension to our lower jaw.
Manner of Articulation and Place of Articulation
All of the consonant sounds have a Manner of Articulation and a Place of Articulation.
Manner of Articulation
| Place of Articulation
(Where we control air)
|1 Stop||1 Lips (Bilabial)|
|2 Fricative||2 Lower Lip & Upper Teeth (Labio Dental)|
|3 Affricate||3 Tongue & Teeth (Lingua Dental)|
|4 Nasal||4 Tongue & Aveolar Ridge (Lingue Aveolar)|
|5 Liquid||5 Tongue & Palate (Lingue Palatal)|
|6 Glide||6 Tongue & Velum (Lingue Velar)|
|7 Voice Box (Glottal)|
Let's learn more about pronouncing the vowels and consonants.
Program content & web design by Chris Opall © 2011. Page last updated July 28, 2012